Difference between zucchini and squash
Zucchini vs squash:
Most of the present day people are used to consuming copious amounts of fast food, which have proved to be fountains of different diseases including cancers. What benefits could be reaped if only the current population gets used to planting at least one crop which they can use for their meal? Once harvested, the kitchen shall fill with delicious smells of vegetables and the family can enjoy a non-toxic meal. Among such vegetables there are beans, carrots, tomatoes, potatoes, zucchini and even squash. Although zucchini and squash are thought to be the same, they slightly differ from each other. Therefore, this paper aims at providing a brief description about these two vegetables and a discussion about the differences between the two.
What is Zucchini?
The zucchini, which is a hybrid of the cucumber, often grows to nearly a meter in length, but is usually harvested at half that size or less. Along with certain other squashes, it belongs to the species Cucurbita pepo. Zucchini can be eitherdark or light green. A related hybrid, the golden zucchini, is a deep yellow or orange colour. Botanically, the zucchini is an immature fruit, being the swollen ovary of the zucchini flower. In a culinary context, the zucchini is treated as a vegetable, which means it is usually cooked and presented as a savoury dish or accompaniment. Zucchini are grown on vines not underground and the Zucchini plant was developed in Italy. It can be prepared using a variety of cooking techniques, including steamed, boiled, grilled, stuffed and baked, barbecued, fried, or incorporated in other recipes such as soufflés. The zucchini fruit is low in calories (approximately 15 food calories per 100 g fresh zucchini) and contains useful amounts of folate (24 mcg/100 g), potassium (280 mg/100 g) and vitamin A (384 IU [115 mcg]/100 g. 1/2 cup of zucchini also contains 19 per cent of the recommended amount of manganese. Zucchini is one of the easiest fruits to cultivate in temperate climates. As such, it has a reputation among home gardeners for overwhelming production.
What is Squash?
The English word “squash” derives from askutasquash (a green thing eaten raw), a word from the Narragansett language. Squashes generally refer to four species of the genus Cucurbita (Cucumber), which include Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita mixta, Cucurbita moschata, Cucurbita pepo (Zucchini belongs to this genus). Squash also divide into two groups depending on whether they are harvested as immature fruit or mature fruit. Immature fruits harvested are generally called summer squash and matured fruits are called autumn squash or winter squash. Squash was one of the “Three Sisters” planted by Native Americans. The Three Sisters were the three main native crop plants: maize (corn), beans, and squash. Though considered a vegetable in cooking, botanically speaking, squash is a fruit (being the receptacle for the plant’s seeds). Squash can be served fresh (in salads) and cooked (squash stuffed with meat, fried squash, baked squash). Winter squash is a low-calorie, good source of complex vegetable carbohydrates and dietary fiber.
What is the difference between Zucchini and Squash?
Zucchini and yellow squash are the most prevalent summer squashes and look and taste very similar. Squashes generally refer to four species of the genus Cucurbita while Zucchini belongs to one of these four geneses, Cucurbita pepo. Therefore, Zucchini is a Summer Squash. Squash, has its ancestry in the Americas. However, the varieties of squash typically called “zucchini” were developed in Italy, many generations after their introduction from the “New World”. Zucchini, a summer squash is harvested in August and September. During the spring and summer it grows on vines. These vines produce large, brightly coloured flowers that yield zucchini, technically a fruit because it stores the seeds of the plant.
Squash in its most popular form of the pumpkin, is harvested late in the year, October or November. Prior to that it grows in the same manner as zucchini, though it ripens longer and vine and grows to a larger size.
Zucchini is an extremely flavourful vegetable that can be lightly sautéed and eaten. It can also be cooked in almost any other manner, either alone or with other vegetables. It is a key ingredient in risotto and is very popular in zucchini bread and muffins. Squash is also able to be prepared in a variety of ways. It is easy to store simply by keeping it in a cool dry place until you are ready to eat it. You can roast squash, puree it for soup, or remove the seeds and press them for oil. It is also a very versatile plant. The female flower of Zucchini is a golden blossom on the end of each emergent zucchini. The male flower grows directly on the stem of the zucchini plant in the leaf axils (where leaf petiole meets stem), on a long stalk, and is slightly smaller than the female. Both flowers are edible, and are often used to dress a meal or to garnish the cooked fruit. On the other hand, the flowers of the Squash plant come in pollen-bearing male form, and the ovary-bearing female form, with both forms being present on the plant. The zucchini fruit is low in calories and contains useful amounts of folate, potassium, vitamin A and manganese while Squash contains low-calorie, vegetable carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, manganese, folate, omega 3 fatty acids, vitamin B1 , copper, tryptophan, vitamin B6, vitamin B3 and vitamin B5. It is also a source of niacin, iron and beta carotene. Usually, the darker the skin is, the higher the beta carotene content.
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