Difference between yum and aptitude
Yum vs aptitude:
Computers have become a daily item in a human being’s life. We use computers to get almost everything done. Anyone who is neither a computer engineer nor a software engineer can easily use a computer to handle his daily tasks as well as at work. It has become so easy for everybody to use computers as we have been provided with a Graphical User Interface. But there are only few of us who are aware of the commands that are used in these programs and in what purpose they are used. Yum and aptitude are two types of command line interfaces which have slight differences. Thus, this paper aims to enlighten those of who are yet blind to the distinction between Yum and aptitude by providing brief descriptions regarding the two including a short account of their differences as well.
What is Yum?
Yum, (Yellowdog Updater, Modified) is a software package manager that installs, updates and removes packages on RPM-based systems. It automatically computes dependencies and figures out what things should occur to install packages. Yum makes it easier to maintain groups of machines without having to manually update each one using rpm. It was developed by Seth Vidal and a group of volunteer programmers. Though yum has a command-line interface, several other tools provide graphical user interfaces to yum functionality. One can Use the yum utility to modify the software on the system in four ways: to install new software from package repositories; to install new software from an individual package file; to update existing software on your system and also to remove unwanted software from your system. It is an open source utility, making available to all administrators on a network. There are several tools that enhance the command line interface of YUM with graphical user interfaces, making its functionality better. As a full rewrite of its predecessor tool, Yellowdog Updater (YUP), yum evolved primarily in order to update and manage Red Hat Linux systems used at the Duke University department of Physics. Since then, it has been adopted by Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora, CentOS, and many other RPM-based Linux distributions, including Yellow Dog Linux itself, where it has replaced the original YUP utility.
What is aptitude?
Aptitude is an Ncurses based FrontEnd to Apt, the debian package manager. Since it is text based, it is run from a terminal or a CLI (command line interface). Many of the common package management functions, such as installation, removal, and upgrade, are performed in Aptitude with single-key commands, which are typically lowercase letters. Aptitude is best suited for use in a non-graphical terminal environment to ensure proper functioning of the command keys. When Aptitude starts, you will see a menu bar at the top of the screen and two panes below the menu bar. The top pane contains package categories, such as New Packages and Not Installed Packages. The bottom pane contains information related to the packages and package categories. Using Aptitude for package management is relatively straightforward, and the user interface makes common tasks simple to perform. Aptitude comes complete with a powerful search system which makes use of flexibility search patterns. It is based mostly on the ncurses computer terminal library –a programming library that provides an API and gives the programmer the power to write a text user interface without the use of a terminal.
What is the difference between yum and aptitude?
Aptitude as an Advanced Packaging Tool (or an APT) that displays software packages and gives the user the ability to pick the packages they wish to install or remove from their computer while YUM is a complete overhaul of its predecessor, Yellowdog Updater (also known as YUP). It was conceived as a means of updating and managing Red Hat Linux systems and has since inception been adopted by Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora, CentOS, and many other Linux distributions that are all RPM based. The YUM utility synchronises remote metadata to the local client without being prompted to do so. Thusly, YUM is incapable of failing if the user fails to run a command at the interval that particular command requires. Unlike many other APIs, Aptitude does not require root privileges in order to run. It, instead, shows a prompt to ‘Become Root’ in the event that those rights are deemed necessary. When Aptitude opens, it suggests a threaded list of packages that can be navigated using the arrow keys and the enter key to open and collapse nodes.
Yum runs automatically while aptitude does not need a root privilege to run. And both packages are used to manage the contents by installing removing and so many other activities, which are done automatically or after a command. YUM also uses a separate tool in order to set up its own repositories. This tool is known as ‘createrepo’ and generates the necessary XML metadata –as well as the splite metadata if the option -d is selected) necessary to create the YUM repositories. The tool known as ‘mrepo’ aids in the creation and maintenance of the YUM repositories.