Difference between white sugar and brown sugar
White sugar vs brown sugar:
Sugar is a product that is utilized in every household for sweetening beverages, various food items and the like which is created from crystallizing the sucrose that is obtained from sugarcane or sugar beets. Sugar is available in many forms such as brown sugar, coarse grain, caster sugar, granulated sugar, lump sugar, confectioner’s sugar, white sugar and etc. Each of these sugar types are used for specific purposes owing to their very specific natures because of which this article seeks to observe the many differences that exist between white sugar and brown sugar which are two of the most commonly used sugar types in the world of gastronomy today.
About white sugar
White sugar is the sort of refined sugar that is commonly used in households as a table sugar. It is an all purpose sugar which comes in many forms such as superfine sugar, table sugar, granulated sugar, confectioners’ sugar and etc. White sugar is the most common type of sugar that is available in the market today. It can be used for practically anything from sweetening beverages to baking and preparing various sweetmeats and desserts as well.
About brown sugar
Brown sugar is a mixture of sucrose and molasses, which is a viscous by-product of the processing of sugar cane because of which brown sugar gets its brownness. It is often unrefined or partially refined. Brown sugar is categorized as light brown sugar and dark brown sugar according to the amount of molasses present in the sugar whereas regular brown sugar is known to contain about 10% molasses depending upon its entire weight.
What is the difference between brown sugar and white sugar?
The most prominent difference which becomes evident at a glance is the difference of color which exists between white and brown sugar. True to their names, brown sugar and white sugar are brown and white in color respectively. This is due to the fact that while brown sugar contains molasses which give it its brown color, white sugar does not contain any amount of molasses. White sugar is thus refined in nature and is made of pure sucrose whereas brown sugar is often unrefined or only partially refined and is a mixture of molasses and sucrose.
Brown sugar tends to be more moist and sticky in nature than white sugar and is known to either dry out or harden quickly when exposed to outside sources. White sugar on the other hand is rather dry in nature and does not react as quickly to outside sources. Also, brown sugar granules tend to be much larger in size than white sugar granules which can vary in size. However, because of the fact that brown sugar is unrefined, it is richer in minerals and nutrients such as calcium, phosphorous, iron, potassium, and sodium than white sugar, which tends to lose such nutrients in the refining process.
The difference in taste of the two sugars is rather remarkable. Brown sugar has a stronger, richer and a more intense flavor than white sugar because of the presence of molasses whereas white sugar tends to merely sweeten food products. Brown sugar also adds moisture and richness to baked products whereas white sugar has no such effects on the type of food that it produces. Because of this vast difference, brown sugar is often used in preparing food items such as cakes and desserts which need more than just sweetness to enrich it whereas white sugar is used in sweetening beverages and other food items which do not need any other type of flavor or richness.