Difference between UTI and kidney infections
UTI vs kidney infections:
The urinary system or urinary tract is the organ system that produces, stores, and eliminates urine. In humans it includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder and the urethra. The female and male urinary system are very similar, they differ only in the length of the urethra. There are many disorders of the urinary system that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Among them, UTI and Kidnet infections are important and confusing as well. Therefore, this article briefs the differences between UTI and Kidney infection so that the reader gets a clearer understanding.
What is UTI?
A urinary tract infection or UTI is a bacterial infection that occurs when bacteria invade the urinary tract system; the bacteria multiply throughout the urinary track system. While the majority of urinary tract infections or UTIs are not serious, they often cause severe symptoms such as pain and/or burning upon urination. The infection is usually caused by bacteria called Escherichia coli. Urine contains a range of salts, fluids and waste produces, but does not usually have bacteria in it. Bacteria entering the bladder or kidney can reproduce rapidly in the urine, causing a UTI (urinary tract infection). Urinary tract infections are generally easily and effectively treated with a short course of antibiotics. However, infection can cause discomfort, with the patient experiencing pain during urination, a frequent urge to urinate, and cloudy urine. Females are more susceptible to UTIs than males. According to the National Health Service (NHS), UK, 1 in every 3 women will have a UTI before she is 24 years old, and about half of all females will have at least one UTI during their lifetime. In the UK approximately 1 in every 2,000 otherwise healthy men develops a UTI. Symptoms of UTI or bladder infection are not easy to miss and include a strong urge to urinate that cannot be delayed, which is followed by a sharp pain or burning sensation in the urethra when the urine is released. Most often very little urine is released and the urine that is released may be tinged with blood. The urge to urinate recurs quickly and soreness may occur in the lower abdomen, back, or sides. This cycle may repeat itself frequently during the day or night–most people urinate about six times a day, when the need to urinate occurs more often a bladder infection should be suspected. When bacteria enter the ureters and spread to the kidneys, symptoms such as back pain, chills, fever, nausea, and vomiting may occur, as well as the previous symptoms of lower urinary tract infection.
What is kidney infection?
Kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis, is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) typically caused by E. coli bacteria. The bacteria may have spread from the bladder or the urethra to one of the kidneys, infecting it. The urethra is a tube which transports urine from the bladder outside the body. A kidney infection is a painful, unpleasant illness that usually happens when bacteria travel up from your bladder into one or both of your kidneys. Kidney infection, medically known as pyelonephritis, doesn’t usually pose a serious threat to your health if treated promptly, but it can make you feel very unwell. And, if a kidney infection isn’t treated, it can get worse and cause permanent kidney damage. Often the symptoms come on quickly, within a few hours, and they can make you feel feverish, shivery, sick and with a pain in your back or side. Most kidney infections need prompt treatment with antibiotics. That’s to stop the infection from damaging the kidneys or spreading to the bloodstream. You may need painkillers too. Kidney infection, if not treated promptly, can lead to serious complications, including kidney damage and sepsis (blood poisoning). It is usually treated with antibiotics. In many cases, patients with kidney infection are hospitalized. A Kidney infection can happen at any age, but are much more common in women. In fact, women are six times more likely to get a kidney infection than men. This is because a woman’s urethra is shorter than a man’s, which makes it easier for bacteria to reach their kidneys. Younger women are most at risk because they tend to be sexually active, and having frequent sex increases the chances of getting a kidney infection. Kidney infections are also slightly more common during pregnancy. Younger children are also vulnerable to developing kidney infections because their small urinary tract makes it easier for bacteria to reach their kidneys. It is estimated that 1 in 20 cases of high temperature in children is actually a result of a kidney infection.
What is the difference between kidney infection and UTI?
A kidney infection is infection confined to the kidney and the renal pelvis, usually called a pyelonehpritis, a UTI is infection of the conduction system of the urine, urine form in the kidney, transmitted to ureters to the bladder and the passed out via urethra, infection of these organs ( ureter, bladder urethra is a UTI, mostly the source of a pyelonephritis is ascending from the ureters, so they could exist together, if you have a kidney infection, you will look much worse, high fever, chills, severe flank pain due to dilatation of the capsule of the kidney, a blood test could show changes in white blood cells and increase in neutrophils, if not resolved it could be evolved to septicemia and septic shock, in addition to the symptoms of the UTI, painful micturition, increased urine frequency, and could be confirmed by urine analysis and urine culture for bacteria. A urinary tract infection can be quite painful. It causes a lot of urgency, painful urination, and even bloody urine. If left untreated, this can become a kidney infection. You may or may not run a fever with a urinary tract infection. A kidney infection also causes the same symptoms as does a urinary tract infection, except a few more symptoms. These symptoms are usually flank pain in the back, black charcoal coloured urine, and nausea and vomiting. Another thing about a kidney infection is that you will run a high temperature. Urination may also cease completely if not treated quickly. Therefore it is very important to have it treated fast. Antibiotics are commonly given for a urinary tract infection and kidney infections. In the case of a kidney infection, hospital care may or may not be necessary.