Difference between syndrome and disease
Disease vs Syndrome:
Health, as undoubtedly agreed by most of the people, is one invaluable factor in life. Everybody loves to be in good health. Health is two typed; physical health and mental health. Both the body and the mind of a person should be in proper health conditions. However, when our health; either physical or mental, gets ill we tend to find the reason behind it. Most of the time reasons can be drawn out but sometimes reasons cannot be identified. When there are specific reasons identified, we normally call such illness ‘a disease’ and when it is difficult to draw a line of particular reasons for some illness, we call such instance ‘a syndrome’. Generally, syndromes are associated with the mind while diseases are aligned with the body. That would be the simplest distinction drawn between the two terms; disease and syndrome. Yet, a considerable number of people still get confused when they try to differentiate the two ill-health types. Therefore, this article intends to explain what disease and syndrome mean separately and their distinct differences so that such confused minds would no longer remain confused minds.
What is a disease?
A disease is scientifically defined as an abnormal condition affecting the usual body of an organism. A disease is frequently associated with symptoms; some things a person suffers from that indicate some disease. In a broader sense, disease can be defined as any health condition that causes pain, dysfunction, distress, or even, death to the particular person badly affected. Also, a disease could cause injuries, disabilities and disorders and even syndromes and eccentric behaviours. There are often symptoms associated with a particular disease. Moreover, diseases mainly affect a person’s physical health, yet, they also happen to afflict a person’s emotions. Most of the time, the term disease is utilized to refer to infectious illnesses caused by various kinds of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and etc. Diseases could be non-infectious too. Genetic disorders, heart diseases and cancer could be good instances. However, diseases clearly impair normal functioning of a body organ. In conclusion, it should be noted that disease can usually be characterized by the following criteria:
Identifiable collection of symptoms and signs
Consistent changes in the anatomy
What is a syndrome?
Then, what is a syndrome? A syndrome, a term that is widely recorded in both Medicine and Psychology, is scientifically defined as ‘a collection of signs and symptoms known to frequently appear together but without a known cause’. That is to say, a syndrome too may have a collection of signs and symptoms, but a definite cause behind it. Hence, illnesses with no recognized cause can be characterized as a syndrome. Further, the term syndrome is usually associated with the mental health; the mental illnesses, except for AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) which clearly afflicts the body of the patient. For instance; Down syndrome, Parkinson syndrome, and Asparagus syndrome can be noted. In these instances, Down syndrome is identified to have only one cause, Parkinson syndrome has several potential causes, but, in other cases such as Asparagus syndrome, the cause or causes are still unknown. Further, syndromes are usually named. Many syndromes are often named after the physicians who first discovered them. Finally, speaking briefly on the history, the notion of a medical syndrome was further developed in the 17th century by Thomas Sydenham after Ian Sina (937-1037) first established the idea of a syndrome in the diagnosis of specific diseases, it is said.
What is the difference between a disease and a syndrome?
Now, let us see what the difference between the two terms disease and syndrome is. As it is briefly pointed out in the very first paragraph, a disease and a syndrome are two different health conditions. A disease is generally identifies with a collection of signs and symptoms with an exact reason or reasons behind it. A physician would always be able to diagnose the cause behind a disease. A syndrome, on the other hand, is also generally recognized with a group of signs, deviant behaviours and symptoms, but, without a proper root cause. The cause or the causes that is/are afflicting the infectious person is often remain unknown. A syndrome is only recognized and characterized by symptoms and signs. For instance, if a child is suffering from Down syndrome, there are always a set of distinct characteristics of his/her behaviour and symptoms that are unique for that particular ill-health condition. Thus, that would be the major difference between the two terms: disease and syndrome. Furthermore, it should also be noted that a disease may be a syndrome as well, but a syndrome can never be termed as a disease. It would rather be referred to as an ill-health condition.
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