Difference between Romans and Greeks
Roman vs Greeks:
Romans and Greeks share many similarities perhaps due to the fact that both these civilizations were thriving during the same time periods as well as the fact that they both interacted with each other rather regularly in terms of trade, wars, intermarriage between nations and other such factors. And yet, Romans and Greeks hail from different countries of the Mediterranean which is perhaps where their differences begin.
Who are Romans?
Romans are a great nation that spread their authority over a vast area of Europe and around the Mediterranean who are known for their contribution towards the world art, architecture, literature, and culture. Their society was divided in to four categories such as freedmen, slaves, plebeians, and patricians and are known for their great mythology regarding which they provided the great epic poem the Aeneid. Romans are quite well known for the excursions of Julius Caesar who was a great Roman emperor who conquered most of Europe during his life time.
Who are Greeks?
Greeks belonged to a civilization that extended itself from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea, which lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of the antiquity. Greeks are well known for their great culture architecture, arts and literature as well as the Greek society and its political system which divided the society in to five groups such as slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens and women.
What is the difference between Greeks and Romans?
Greeks and Romans are often interconnected and it is highly justifiable if one tends to get confused between these two nations. Both Greeks and Romans contributed greatly towards world literature, architecture, arts and even political systems. And both societies believed in social hierarchy according to which the society was divided. Greeks somehow did not give the woman a position in the society and thus they were considered even lower than slaves. Therefore, the Greek society was divided in to five parts such as slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens and women. Romans did not treat women as inferiors as they were considered as citizens of the society. Thus, their society was divided in to four categories as freedmen, slaves, plebeians, and patricians.
It is often assumed that Romans were inspired by Greek architecture which combined three different architecture styles such as Corinthian, Doric and Ionic. However, Greek architecture was modified by the Romans and they added arcs and aqueducts to their buildings while Greeks concentrated greatly on building statues based on human form to honor their Gods, kings and emperors. Romans were not that keen on statues and concentrated instead on buildings. While Greeks used plaster, wood, marble and metals as building material, Romans introduced concrete in addition to all these materials, a substance that Greeks were not aware of.
Roman and Greeks are rather famous for their mythologies and it is believed that Romans adapted the stories from the Greek mythologies and with several variations of names, places and factors, made it their own. For example when referring to the famous Greek and Roman Gods who are still remembered fondly all over the world, the goddess of love in Greek mythology is referred to as Aphrodite, whereas the same goddess is referred to as Venus in Roman mythology. The god of war is Aries is Greek mythology whereas he is referred to as Mars in Roman mythology.
With regards to literature, mythology played a huge part in both the civilizations. However, one can say that the Romans were inspired or rather imitated the Greeks in respect to literature as well. The epic poem IIliad which was written by the Greeks is a great example of this. Almost 700 years later, the Romans produced the Aeneid which bears strong resemblance to the contents of the Iliad which was composed by the Greeks.
Tags: ancient time(s), Aries, artifact, civilization, classical times, classics, days of old, days of yore, former age, history, medieval, mythology, old days, olden days, patriarchal, remote time, time immemorial