Difference between psychology and sociology
Psychology vs sociology:
Psychology and sociology are extremely important studies which lead the forefront of academics during this era as they both deal with different aspects of human beings and their lifestyles. Because of the above mentioned factor, they are most undoubtedly interrelated. And yet, these two sciences study completely different aspects of human beings, following different paths down their own respective lanes which is why the differences between these two essential sciences have become so significant.
What is psychology?
The term psychology first came in to being in the late 15th century or early 16th century and was introduced by the Croatian humanist Marko Marulic in “Psichiologia de ratione animae humanae” as a word that has been derived from the Latin word ‘psychologia’. Simply put, psychology can be defined as the study of the many intricacies of the human mind. It examines the reasons as to why certain people behave and think the way they do, why some people react in a certain way while others react in a completely different way and etc. It is an experimental process where one deals with human behavior with regards to social factors such as political, economic, and family structure and dynamics. Psychologists receive extensive training and experience in research which in turn will aid them in discovering findings to determine the efficacy of treatments that they bestow upon their patients. They are more concerned with the systematic investigation of the human body, including behavior and cognition and they thus utilize this knowledge in the prevention and cure of mental diseases that occur in individuals throughout their life.
What is sociology?
Sociology was first introduced in 1780 by the French essayist Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes in one of his unpublished manuscript while it was the French Philosopher Auguste Comte who first defined the term. The word sociology is derived from the Latin word ‘Socius’ which stands for ‘companion’ and ‘ology’ which means ‘study of’. However, it is sociology which examines the human behavior in groups which also involves the origin, development and functioning of human society.
What is the difference between sociology and psychology?
While sociology and psychology both deal with human beings, the study of psychology deals with the human mind whereas sociology deals with the behavioral patterns of human beings in a community. This is perhaps the reason why while psychology is referred to as an experimental study, sociology is considered as an observational study. Sociology requires the behavior of people to be observed and then recorded. For this purpose, sociologists often use surveys as well. On the contrary, psychologists conduct their experiments in laboratories and obtain data.
While sociology concentrates upon the interaction between people and the community as a whole, psychology deals with the individual and his or her emotions. While psychology believes that a person’s actions are attributed to him and him alone, sociology believes that an individual’s surroundings, the people that he or she associates with have a rather significant effect upon his or her actions.
Sociology is seen as required because of the variation of human actions which tend to vacillate from time to time. When humans are alone, they behave in a certain way whereas when in a group or a community, they tend to act in a completely different manner. However, psychology is seen to be required because of the variety of thoughts and feelings that a person possesses, in order to discover how these thought processes influence the behavior of a human being.