Difference between psychologist and a psychiatrist
Psychologist vs a psychiatrist
Both the terms psychologist and psychiatrist commence with “psych” which signifies the mind. Therefore both these professionals can be termed as professionals dealing with the diseases of the mind, though, this is done in their own special ways which are unique to their professions.
What is a psychologist?
A psychologist can be defined as a non-medical health-care professional who possesses a masters degree or a doctorate in psychology and who treats people with methods of interaction better known as therapy. They are more concerned with human behavior with regards to social factors such as political, economic, and family structure/dynamics and they usually receive extensive training and experience in research which in turn will aid them in discovering findings to determine the efficacy of treatments that they bestow upon their patients.
What is a psychiatrist?
A psychiatrist can be defined as a licensed medical doctor who specializes in diseases of the mind such as schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s, ADD, etc. They are more focused on the biological foundation of the behavior of their patients and their field of study involves the manner in which certain neurons affect the behavioral patterns of the individual, the function of specific brain areas and determining what medication could alleviate, change and neutralize particular behavioral problems . they also treat disorders such as depression (depressive disorder), schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, etc and they do so by way of prescribing medications that have proved to be effective to those specific conditions.
What are the differences between a psychologist and a psychiatrist?
First and foremost, the differences commence with the educational backgrounds that these two professionals possess. Whereas a psychiatrist requires a degree in medicine, starting off with a medical degree from an accredited medical institution whereas a psychologist is required to have a doctoral-level degree in psychology. Psychologists usually follow an academic path based on research and is more likely to pursue a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) or Psy.D. (Doctor of Psychology) in clinical psyhcology or counseling psychology. Psychologists are also referred to as counsellors and also as therapists in more informal terms.
Psychiatrists are defined as physicians who posses experience in specific training in the assessment, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illnesses. They are more concentrated on treating mental illnesses through pharmaceuticals and less on psychotherapy and are licensed to issue medication to patients. A psychologist is not licensed to do so. He or she is known to treat patients by way of therapy, counselling and methods of interaction, assessing the behavioral patterns of the patients. These treatments are done in series of sessions of which a session may take up to 45-60 minutes. A psychiatrist tends to earn more than a psychologist in any case as psychiatric care is less time consuming and requires a lesser number of visits than that of a psychologist.
● Both psychologists and psychiatrists treat diseases of the mind and yet they use different methods in doing so.
● A psychologist is a non-medical professional whereas a psychiatrist is a medical professional who is licensed to issue medication to his patients.
● A psychologist treatment is more time consuming whereas psychiatric care requires less time and a lesser amount of visits than that of a psychologist.