Difference between piano and harpiscord
Piano vs harpsichord:
Music is considered as food to one’s soul and in to provide this music, different types of musical instruments have been created throughout history, from the beginning of civilization itself. Musical instruments are divided in to different categories such as percussion, string instruments, wind etc. Piano and harpsichord are hence two instruments which belong to the category of string. However, these two instruments possess differences which in turn bestows upon them, their uniqueness of sound and being.
What is a piano?
A piano is a musical instrument which is capable of physically creating sound by the usage of hammers striking upon strings and thus combines percussion and string categories. It typically has 88 notes, which range from A0 to C8 and once a key is pressed, a miniature hammer taps a steel string creating a sound as a damper arises from the string. After the strike, the string would continue to vibrate thus creating a lingering sound, resonating across a bridge in to a sound board as the hammer is being lifted away from the string. A piano needs constant maintenance and tuning as the strings tend to loosen and hammer heads tend to harden thereby creating significant difference in sound. Furthermore, due to the size, moving a piano may be quite cumbersome and it may even cause damage to the internal parts of the piano thereby causing drastic changes in sound.
What is a harpsichord?
The harpsichord which became popular in the 14th century is considered as one of the first musical instruments ever to be used during the history of music. It is a string instrument of which the strings are plucked in order to produce sound. It contains five octaves in which ascents, decrescendos and crescendos are not possible and it produces a very soft sound which is not sustainable. However, a harpsichord is also capable of having two keyboards and two sets of different strings with different timbres of which each one is bestowed with a particular quality. They can be played separate with the aim of giving the music different intonations according to the strings being used, or together, in order to give a fuller and a louder sound.
What is the difference between harpsichord and piano?
Piano and the harpsichord are two string instruments which date back quite a long time. However, being existing from the very first days of the musical history, the harpsichord is considered as the elder of the two instruments which became popular in the 14th century, whereas the piano was introduced in the 18th century.
However, the mechanics of the two instruments is different. When a piano key is pressed down, a hammer strikes the string producing a sound. In the case of the harpsichord, once a key is pressed, the finger itself comes in contact with the string while a plectrum plucks it. Another difference between the two is that while piano contains eight octaves, a harpsichord contains only five. Also, while the piano produces a sound which is rather strong and has a manner of ringing for a while even after releasing the key, the harpsichord produces a relatively softer sound which is not very sustainable. Therefore, one can say that a harpsichord has a bigger resistance than a piano.
Because of the fact that a harpsichord has slimmer keys than a piano, one cannot throw one’s fingers about on the keys of the harpsichord. This requires each key to be played separately. In addition to that, unlike in a piano, playing ascents, decrescendos and crescendos are not possible on the harpsichord. However, a piano player will have more control over the instruments and the kind of sounds that he plays while a harpsichord player will not have such control.