Difference between fascism and Nazism
Fascism vs Nazism:
It is often said that fascism and Nazism nourished each other and got involved in fashioning one another, and yet, there do exist certain very distinctive differences between these two political movements which set the two apart. Thereby, this article aims to enlighten those of who are yet blind to the distinction between the Nazism and fascism by providing brief descriptions regarding the two as well as a short account of their differences as well which defines what these ideologies truly stand for.
What is fascism?
Fascism is a political ideology that emerged during the years 1919-45 which promotes political violence and war, with the aim of creating national regeneration, spirit and vitality. It believes that rejuvenation of their nation can be achieved by uniting its people who are connected by common factors such as ancestry, culture, and blood through a totalitarian single-party state which will seek to achieve the above goal through discipline, indoctrination, physical education and eugenics. A fascist society believes that foreign influences cause a nation to degenerate and therefore it recognizes the need of purifying itself of these factors that do not fit in to the culture or the nature of a given nation. A fascist nation is led by a supreme leader who exercises dictatorship over the state as fascism rejects liberal democracy based upon majority rule as well as the parliamentary system. Fascism is a term that originated from fascists of Italy under the reign of Mussolini.
What is Nazism?
When the term Nazism is heard, one cannot escape the name Adolf Hitler. Therefore, Nazism also known as National Socialism can be defined as a totalitarian philosophy which was put in to practice by the National Socialist German Workers’ Party led by Adolf Hitler. Nazis were believed to be extremists in every way. They had firm ethnic divisions, extreme nationalism which directed their sole concentration upon a racist society. They believed that the German Aryan race was above all the rest and thus, every other race and ethnicity was to be discriminated against based on this extremist belief.
The holocaust which is also known as the Shoah is probably the most infamous operation of the Nazi regiment that left its big, black patch on the world history. This refers to the genocide of approximately six million European Jews and millions of others including Romani, Sinti, Soviet prisoners of war, Polish and Soviet civilians, homosexuals, people with disabilities, Jehovah’s Witnesses and other political and religious opponents during World War II.
Various legislation, such as the Nuremberg Laws were introduced to remove the Jews from civil society and in to concentration camps where the inmates were used as slaves until they died of exhaustion or disease. Specialized units called Einsatzgruppen were assigned to kill Jews and other opponents in mass shootings while the prisoners were confined in overcrowded ghettos and then transported by freight train to extermination camps where those who survived the journey shall be killed in gas chambers. This incident alone portrays the extremist and racist attitudes of the Nazism on which the political ideology has been based.
What is the difference between Nazism and fascism?
It is believed that Nazism and fascism share more similarities than differences and the fact that they emerged during similar periods may have contributed to this factor largely. Influenced by nationalism, Fascism and Nazism emerged during the years 1919-45 and 1933-45 rejecting Marxism and democracy and becoming true opponents of liberalism as a result.
The prominent figures that come to mind when speaking of Nazism and fascism are different and yet, they are written down in history as somewhat similar characters. Benito Mussolini is unarguably the name that most people relate to when speaking of fascism whereas it is Adolf Hitler who is related with Nazism which is also referred to as National Socialism.
A slight difference can be felt when investigating in to the ways and means that the two ideologies operated. Fascists give undivided prominence to state whereas Nazis practiced racism in great measures. In fact, the Doctrine of Fascism concentrates on nationalism, corporatism, totalitarianism and militarism. Corporatism is the very foil to racism which stands for the need for unity where all elements of the society, regardless of race or gender, are put together in order to create an organic state. Nazis on the other hand were great believers of Aryanism which preached that the Aryan race was the superior of all races. Thus ensued the holocaust, causing the death of millions of Jews and other individuals who were considered to be non-Aryan. Therefore, it is only fair enough to state that while fascism was based on a political theory, Nazism was a movement that was born out of blind racial hatred.
The way in which the two ideologies viewed the state is also very different. As the point of interest of the Nazis was the Aryan race, the state was for them, a tool that aided in the advancement of the master race. But for fascists, state was a form of nationalism. Also, while Nazism rejected a class based society, fascism wanted to preserve the class system.
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