Difference between colleges and universities
Colleges vs universities:
Education plays an integral part in the maturation process of an individual and therefore, the society has realized the colossal significance that education has on the development of a country in return. Giving wings to this thought, human civilization has thus established various educational institutions with the aim of providing the knowledge that any man or a woman needs in order to succeed in his or her life. Colleges and universities are such educational institutions which have seen the light of the day as a result of this effort in enlightening the minds of the human race.
What is a college?
A college is an educational institute that focuses on undergraduate programs, thus offering its students a myriad of courses and subjects to choose from. Most often, a college will offer a set of degree in a specified area of study. For example, an engineering college will only issue engineering degrees whereas a business college will only issue business degrees. However, there may be courses that integrate different subjects from which the students can choose according to their preferences. However, the nature and definition of colleges may vary hugely from one country to another. While in some countries a college would be a tertiary educational institution that is capable of awarding degrees, in other countries, a college may be an institution within a university that may be a vocational institution or even a secondary school.
What is a university?
Derived from the Latin word ‘universitas magistrorum et scholarium’, which roughly translates in to “community of teachers and scholars”, a university can be best defined as a collaboration of colleges where the university body will regulate all the activity of those bodies that it is in charge of. It is an institution of higher education which will offer both undergraduate and graduate degrees which will also offer to its students a large variety of courses and subjects to choose from. Nearly all universities possess a board of trustees which is comprised of a president, chancellor or rector, at least one vice president, vice-chancellor, or vice-rector and deans in change of various divisions. It is also divided in to a number of academic branches that are referred to as faculties.
What is the difference between universities and colleges?
The difference between universities and colleges has been a subject of confusion for many people as the definition of a college and a university tends to vary largely from one country to another. Yet generally, a college can be defined as a single educational body whereas a university can be defined as a collection of colleges.
Colleges only offer undergraduate degrees in a specified field whereas universities are capable of issuing both undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. Also, the scope of subjects and courses offered in colleges are much narrower than the scope of subjects and courses that are usually offered in universities. Yet, in some countries, the term college and university can be used almost interchangeably while in some countries, the category of colleges may also include vocational institutions that are only able to issue certificates and diplomas. In the United States, universities are much larger than colleges and they will usually have many colleges within themselves. In countries like UK, certain colleges cannot even offer basic four year degree such as a B.A or a B.Sc. They offer trade and technical certifications and training while universities offer higher courses such as Bachelor’s degrees, Master’s Degrees, Doctorate Degrees and Post Doctorate Degrees.
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