Difference between Army Reserves and Regular Army
Army reserves vs regular army:
Every country needs a certain amount of protection in order for it to ensure the security of its citizens and its independence as a country. United States of America too has three such forces named as the Us Army, US Navy, US Air force which make sure that the country is well looked after. Each of these categories is once again divided in to sub sections according to their expertise and the nature of their duty. The army reserves and the regular army are two such categories that the US Army is divided to, in terms of the many differences of their nature.
What is Army Reserves?
The United Army Reserves is the Federal Reserve force of the United States Army. It is made up of regular citizens who, while maintaining their regular lifestyles and engaging in their respective occupations, are enlisted in the Army to be called upon for active duty when the need arises. Formed on the 23 April 1908 to provide a reserve of medical officers to the Army, Army Reserves was established under the National Defense Act on 4 June 1920 along with the Regular Army and National Guard. The individuals enlisted as Army Reserves perform training or service one weekend per month when they are not on active duty which is known as Battle Assembly. Reserve soldiers are often organized in to various units such as Army Reserve troop program units, Individual Mobilization Augmentees or Individual Ready Reserve.
What is Regular Army?
The Regular Army of the United States is the country’s permanent, professional military establishment. The Regular Army of United States is responsible for working full time in the forces and is required to maintain military readiness at all times. The Regular Army is comprised of its own aircraft, infantry and support staff, in addition to a great number of ground troops, attack helicopters, artillery, tanks, tactical nuclear and a range of other weapons. The main purpose of the Army is considered to be protecting and defending the interests of the country by means of armor, artillery, ground troops and helicopters. Army Basic Combat Training is known to last for nine weeks, plus a four- to 10-day Reception Battalion before BCT (Basic Combat Training) begins while a male individual is required to complete 35 push-ups in two minutes, 47 sit-ups in two minutes and a two-mile run in 16 minutes, 36 seconds in order to graduate BCT.
What is the difference between Regular Army and Army Reserves?
While the Unites States Army forces include both these categories, there is a very distinct difference between the two troops. The difference pertains to several aspects such as the nature of their training, the amount and nature of their work and etc. However, the main difference between the two can be the nature in which each component serves the army. The Regular Army is the permanent, professional military establishment of the country who are required to maintain military readiness at all times while Army Reserves go about their regular lifestyles, maintain their occupations and families and are only required to serve in active duty when the need arises. Therefore, while the Regular Army is required to work full time at the forces, the Army Reserves are only put in active duty when they are called, usually in cases of national emergency, war or disasters.
The choosing of officers for the United States Regular Army is rather strict and rigid and only a certain criteria of people who fulfill the extensive amount of training and exhibit the relevant amount of skills and talents are recruited. The Army Reserves on the other hand, is consisted of volunteers who are recruited under more lenient recruitment requirements. Furthermore, the soldiers of the Regular Army are given regular training which is rather stringent in nature as they are required to maintain military readiness at all times. The Army Reserves on the other hand are only required to train one weekend per month and thus, this training procedure is not as stringent as the one that is required to be fulfilled by individuals of the Regular Army.
The two components are paid in different manners as well. A Regular Army soldier receives full payment in addition to other benefits such as paid leave and etc while an Army Reserves soldier is only paid when they are called to serve the army for active duty. They are not given any other additional benefits either. Furthermore, a soldier in the Regular Army is entitled to retirement after 20 years of service. A soldier in the Army Reserves however, is qualified for retirement on a system of points where at the accumulation of 20 years, the soldiers are qualified for retirement at a pro-rated value as of their 60th birthday.
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