Difference between architect and engineer
Architect vs engineer:
The professions and occupations in the world are fashioned with the aim of fulfilling the varying needs and the wants of the people. One such need that has been felt by the human kind from centuries ago is the need for shelter that will allow the individuals to conduct their day to day lives without being hindered by different weather conditions which sometimes pose as a threat. Architect and engineer are two such professions which were born out of this need for housing and other buildings which provide shelter to the mankind. While the functions of both these professions are related, they differ largely from one another.
Derived from the Latin word “architectus” which was derived from the Greek word “arkhitekton” that stands for chief builder, an architect is a professional who usually undertakes planning, designing and the oversight of the construction of buildings. As the decision of an architect usually affects public safety, he needs to be specially trained in all practical, technical and academic aspects prior to being licensed as a practicing architect. The duties of an architect may involve preparing feasibility reports, building audits, the design of a building or of several buildings, structures and the spaces among them. The architect thus fashions the aspects that the client requires of him and coordinates a design team in order to achieve the client’s desired goal.
The word ‘engineer’ is a mix of the two Latin words “ingeniare” and “ingenium” which stands for “to contrive”, “devise” and “cleverness” respectively. Engineers can be defined as professional individuals who practice the science of engineering in order to design various materials, structures, technology, inventions, machines and systems, applying a mix of scientific knowledge, mathematics and ingenuity. Engineers are responsible for developing a method of converting scientific discoveries to suit the basic needs of individuals.
What is the difference between engineers and architects?
Engineers and architects are and have always been indispensable from the very beginning of human civilization itself. However, an engineer and an architect differ hugely in their duties and areas of specialty. An architect is responsible for the designing process of buildings and other monuments while an engineer can specializes in fields such as chemical engineering, civil, electrical, lighting, mechanical, software, sound, industrial, structural, aeronautical and etc. However, while it is the architect who is responsible for the designing of the building while keeping in mind the practical and safety aspects of it, it is the engineer who will be responsible for building it. The architect will also concentrate upon the aesthetic aspect of the building while the engineer will not pay attention to such details. An architect should also be aware of the local rules and regulations that apply to buildings and monuments in order to understand the clearances required for the map of the building while the engineers do not concentrate on such things.
However, while the architect is wholly concerned with the layout of the building, the engineer’s scope of work is much vast. The engineer will assist the architect in various technical and practical aspects of designing as well as explaining and calculating how much material will be needed. An engineer will also conduct the process in which the building of the layout will be realized. However, while architects and engineers both can be seen working for the government, it is the engineers who are mostly recruited for the army as they have a special role in overseeing the building of structures that will be strong enough to weather the blows that enemy armies will bestow upon their walls.
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