Difference between antibiotics and vaccines
Antibiotics and vaccines:
The introduction of antibiotics and vaccines has revolutionized the medical field and have created progress in leaps and bounds. This has led the way to saving the lives of many and thus reducing the mortality rate as well to a considerable extent. And yet, many people often confuse antibiotics with vaccines perhaps due to the certain similarities that they hare and yet, they are very different terms used for very different things and recognizing the difference between the two may prove to be beneficial to many.
What are antibiotics?
Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infection and it does so by either retarding of killing those organisms which pose as threats to the human body. This is done by breaking down the walls of the bacteria which then will deteriorate and slowly die away by affecting the biochemical structures of the proteins and carbohydrates of the organisms. They are either used when one has contracted the infection and also is can be used as prophylaxis as well. Complications and side effects are existent in antibiotics and these may even be fatal at times.
What are vaccines?
Vaccines are biological preparations extracted from killed, attenuated, toxic material which are injected in to the human body which in turn builds antigens to combat certain viruses. They are generally administered in to the individual prior to his or her exposure to the disease thereby preventing immunity against that specific organism in the long run. Vaccines have proven to be of ultimate use against most childhood bacterial and viral infection that tend to be lethal such as small pox, cholera, flu, polio, hepatitis A, and plague and bubonic. A vaccine contains an amount of an agent which resembles a particular harmful microorganism or actual live attenuated virus microorganisms which had been separated from their virulent properties and by injecting it in to the blood stream, it integrates itself in to the immunity system so that it can recognize and attack the harmful substance once it enters the body.
What is the difference between vaccines and antibiotics?
Both antibiotics and vaccines work towards the common goals of attacking harmful microorganisms in the body, retarding or killing them and in turn making the human body secure territory. And yet, antibiotics and vaccines are two different things working in two different ways, used for specific purposes.
While antibiotics are only effective against bacterias, vaccines are effective against most microorganisms thus creating a more vast safety net over the human body. Also, the administration methods of the two are different as antibiotics are always given after the individual has contracted the disease whereas vaccines are administered prior to being infected. Another factor is while vaccines are often injections which are administered in to the blood stream, antibiotics often exist in the form of pills and they are taken orally most of the time.
The body has a way of being resistant of certain antibiotics due to regular use and yet, vaccines tend to be more effective. Also, while vaccines enhance the overall immunity of the system, antibiotics merely destroy the microorganism that is creating harm in the system instead.