Difference between anthropology and sociology
Anthropology vs sociology:
Mankind, often seen as the most fascinating species on planet earth, has a number of subjects and sciences dedicated to them to shed some light in to the ever changing, ever vacillating nature of these fascinating creatures. Anthropology and sociology are two such subjects which belong to the social sciences category that delves deep in to the varying aspects of the humankind. Because of this very aspect, anthropology and sociology often overlap each other, making it difficult to tell them apart. However similar these two sciences may be with regards to their common arena of observing mankind and their behavior, anthropology and sociology are two different studies which deal with this wondrous kind in different ways. While both sciences are of equal importance and share equal grounds, they need to be recognized separately in order to gain an in depth understanding of the two.
What is anthropology?
Anthropology is an explicitly comparative discipline which studies human behavior using the artifacts and remnants created by humans in the past. It is a social science which poses questions such as “what defines us humans. How do we behave?” and is consisted of four sub fields which are cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology and biological anthropology. Physical anthropology focuses on the evolving of the human and the effect that environmental and cultural influences had on this process while cultural anthropology sheds light on the ways in which the ancient human managed his social relationships of maintaining control, delegating power and etc. Archeology seeks to study the human life style long ago by the use of many tools that gets discovered during excavations whereas linguistics anthropology studies the manner in which language had formed, evolved and in turn influenced human evolving process.
What is sociology?
Sociology has been practiced from as early as the Greek antiquities itself and yet it was in the nineteenth century that sociology was introduced to the world as a separate field of studies. Sociology can be defined as the scientific study of societies and social relationships as it attempts to gain much needed insight into human behavior and how and why a human being behaves the way he does in the society. Sociology monitors the changes in behavior that a human being manifests when exposed to different societies and environments and seeks to unearth the reasons for these changes that they present as well. Sociology deals with contemporary rural and urban societies and it seeks to research in to the origins, development, and organization of such societies within context. In order to do so, sociologists utilize polls, statistical analysis, sampling, and large collections of life histories and try to keep the analysis as impartial and scientific as possible.
What is the difference between sociology and anthropology?
Sociology and anthropology are indeed interconnected as they are both very much involved in researching in to the nature of human beings. Because of this very reason, the two fields of study often tend to overlap each other, thus contributing in the confusion between the two. However, while anthropology strives to study the mankind as a whole, sociology only concentrates upon the behavior of the humankind in the society. Therefore, while the scope of sociology is limited, the scope of anthropology is rather universal. This is due to the fact that while sociology only deals with contemporary rural and urban societies, anthropology deals with the whole of humankind, including the totality of biology, culture and society of all varieties of humankind.
The origin of sociology can be traced to the philosophy of history, political science and social survey whereas the origin of anthropology springs from biology, social philosophy and descriptive accounts of preliterate societies and prehistoric cultures. Sociology has a limited number of branches which deal with several aspects of urban and rural societies with a limited focus on culture, but anthropology has a large number of branches as it focuses upon every aspect of biology, culture and social life preliterate, peasant and urban societies. Sociology is deemed as being somewhat impersonal and scientific as it is known to treat humans as objects subject to many forces whereas anthropology treats humans as endowed with consciousness and as beings that are capable of maintaining their own view point about their own society. In addition to that while sociology treats the data that it gains quantitively, anthropology tends to treat the data qualititatively.
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