Difference between angina and heart attack
Angina vs heart attack:
Differentiating and angina from a heart attack can be quite confusing as they both often portray the same kinds of symptoms in individuals. They both occur in the heart and yet, an angina and a heart attack is not by any means, the same.
What is an angina?
Angina pectoris or angina occurs in the heart is basically more of a symptom than an actual condition as it is characterized by a squeezing sensation in the chest area. This occurs in the heart muscles due to the inadequate supply of oxygen in the heart. This can also happen due to certain activities such as physical exertion, emotional stress , smoking, large meal or mental stress which require the heart to function harder. It is an indication for the body to relax as the oxygen consumption of the body is high. It can also occur as a symptom of a heart attack. This occurs when the coronary arteries which are responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart get narrowed because of the high cholesterol level in the body as well. Because of the fact that the arteries have gotten narrower, not enough blood is being supplied to the heart. This is an indication that a heart attack may be at bay.
What is a heart attack?
A heart attack or a Acute Myocardial infarctionis a much serious issue which can be indeed deadly. This occurs because of lasting and sudden obstruction of circulation of blood into the heart which causes harm to the heart muscles and cardiac muscle tissue death. The obstruction of the circulation of blood can occur due to blood clots or the blockage of arteries because of cholesterol.
What is the difference between a heart attack and an angina?
Whereas a heart attack can be defined as a more serious, condition which can even prove to be deadly, an angina is merely a symptom which can also be an indication of a heart attack. Both the conditions display similar symptoms of chest pain, frequently tightness or a sensation of weight, neck. shoulder, or arm pain, shortness of breath, nausea/ vomiting and sweating. Yet one must be careful and must seek medical attention once any of these symptoms are displayed.
Also, a heart attack will cause severe chest pain whereas an angina, compared to the pain occurred during a hear attack is quite mild. And the pain experienced during an angina is also short lived while a heart attack tends to last much longer. Also, a heart attack causes permanent damage whereas an angina occurs due to the short term deficiency of blood that is being supplied to the heart and does not cause permanent damage. Yet, both angina and heart attack occur within the heart and as a result of insufficient amounts of blood supplied to the heart. They are both signs that one must either take a rest or must seek medical attention for high cholesterol. However mild it may be, an angina must never be ignored. Also, as heart attacks can be deadly, it is important that one maintains a healthy diet and maintain the body in shape in order to avoid such situations.