Difference between an adjective and an adverb
adjective vs adverb:
Among the eight parts of speech in English language, adjectives and adverbs make up just two parts. Based on their usage and types, one can specify a large number of differences among these two types.
What is an adjective?
An adjective is a word that describes, qualifies, modifies and identifies a noun or pronoun and it usually but not always, comes before the noun or the pronoun which it describes. For example when one says
“This red frock looks good on her” the word “red” is the adjective. One can also say
“This frock is red” which puts the adjective after the noun.
What is an adverb?
An adverb describes qualifies, modifies and identifies a verb, adjective or other adverbs. And it mostly ends with a “ly” at the end of the adverb as well. But it is necessary to note that there are certain exceptions as ell in which the ‘ly’ forms an adjective rather than adverb. For example, early, friendly etc. Adjectives have three forms of expression. These three forms of expression are often in positive degree or comparative degree or superlative degree. For example- cold, colder or coldest.
An adjverb usually comes after the verb, but it can also come before the verb too at times. For example
“ The woman ran fast to fetch her baby”
“Eerily unsettling, the night passed” where the word “eerily” is used as a compound adjective which descibes the night.
Difference between adjective and adverb
An adjective usually answers “What kind?” or “Which?” or “How many?” For an example
“My mother wore a silk frock” which answers to the question “which kind” as ‘silk’.
If we take another example
“Two blind mice ran as fast as they can” which answers to the question “how many” as ‘two’ and also to the question “what kind of” as ‘blind’
An adverbs answers to questions such as “how,” “when,” “where,” and “how much”.
“The baby cried loudly although the night” answers the questions “how” and “when” with ‘loudly’ and ‘all through the night’.
Another difference between adjectives and adverbs is exhibited based on their types. An adjective can be divided into several classes such as: (1) Adjective of quality: For example, A mango is a large fruit. (2) Adjective of quantity: We played some games. (3) Adjective of number: A monkey’s foot has five toes. (4) Demonstrative adjective: These apples are sweet. (5) Interrogative adjective: Which direction shall we take?
An adverb is classified into the following types: (1) Adverb of time: She finished late (2) Adverb of frequency: I bathed twice (3) Adverb of place : Go out (4) Adverb of manner : The girl danced well (5) Adverb of degree : I am so angry (6) Adverb of affirmation and negation : She certainly is tall, I do not know him (7) Adverb of reason : He therefore left the room (8) Interrogative adverb : What is he doing? (i) Relative adverb: This is the reason why he came home early.