Difference between Amoxicillin and Penicillin
Amoxicillin vs Penicillin:
When it comes to tackling diseases or conditions that are caused by bacteria or viruses, many a medical practitioner would prescribe antibiotics as treatment for the affected. Antibiotics which are produced from microbes of bacteria and actinomycetes which are effective against other kinds of bacterias and thus fight against infections and ward them off. Amoxicillin and penicillin are two of the most popular antibiotics that are prescribed by doctors and these two have many differences which set them apart.
What is Amoxicillin?
Amoxicillin, or C18H19N3O5S, is a semi-synthetic penicillin drug and is an improved version of Penicillin as the latter needed some improvement from the initial drug itself. It is taken orally as a broad-spectrum antibiotic and contains similar structural analogs including ampicillin and is thus effective against a large variety of Gram-positive bacteria and a limited number of Gram-negative microbes as well. Amoxicillin is generally used to treat pneumonia; bronchitis; gonorrhea, ENT infections, infections of the urinary tract, skin infections, etc.
What is Penicillin?
Discovered first by Alexander Flemming in 1928, Penicillin or C16H19N3O5S, is synthetically produced from the mold penicillium. It prevents the bacteria from building up protective walls around themselves thus making them susceptible for attack. Penicillin is effective against infections caused by streptococcus, staphylococcus and pneumococcus caterias and yet, however, it is not recommended for patients with asthma, diarrhoea, allergy and blood clotting disorder. It is cheap and is has also proven to be effective against many susceptible Gram-positive or Gram-negative cocci and bacilli and is also effective against certain spirochetes.
What is the difference between Penicillin and Amoxicillin?
It is a little known fact that Amoxicillin is an advanced and a more developed form of Pennicillin. Both drugs belong to the antibiotics category and both the drugs react to disease in a similar way as well. And yet, there are certain distinct differences which sets the two apart.
First and foremost, the two drugs are blatantly different in the way that they are being produced. While Penicillin is synthetically produced from the mold penicillium, Amoxicillin is known to be a semi-synthetic penicillin drug of which the semi-synthetic nature is considered as highly beneficial is breaking down bacterial walls. Amoxicillin is also known to be affective to a wider range of bacterias than Penicillin and is considered a much safer drug than Penicillin as well.
Although Penicillin was the first to be discovered and is considered the very first of medications which treated severe cases of Syphilis and other infections, Penicillin has today become uneffective against certain bacterias as a number of bacterias and viruses have developed resistance to it. As opposed to Penicillin, Amoxicillin is considered as more easily absorbed by the body cells and are thus easily able to penetrate the body tissues and thus break down the cell walls of the bacterias more easily. Thus without the cell walls, the bacterias are defenceless and they eventually whither away and die. Thereby, because of its semi-synthetic nature, Amoxicillin is considered to be more effective and more penetrating than Penicillin and is considered as more effective against many kinds of bacteria which includes Staphylococci, Pneumococci, E.Coli, Streptococci, H, influenza, N. gonorrhea, etc.