Difference between alanine and beta-alanine
Alanine vs Beta-Alanine:
While alanine and beta alanine are non-essential amino acids that are soluble in water and are often used by athletes for generating more energy, these two bear certain differences in terms of their composition and their functions. Therefore, this article has the aim of comparing these two substances which will aid in differentiating the two more effectively.
What is Alanine?
Alanine is an alpha amino acid which is soluble in water and is also proteinogenic as well. It has a melting point of 258 degrees and has a density of 1.424 g/cm3 with a consistncy that resembles a white powder. While alanine is found in a more highly concentrated form in meat products, it is also found in food such as dairy products, caseinate, lactalbumin, nuts, beans, whey, soy, brown rice, brewer’s yeast, corn, bran, whole grains and legumes.
What is Beta Alanine?
Beta alanine too is an amino acid which is soluble in water and is considered as not needed to obtain from external products as it is considered that the body itself is able to synthesize it. It has a density of 1.437 g/cm3 and a melting point of 270 degrees Centigrade. Beta Alanine too can be found in meat products, particularly in fish, pork, beef and chicken and the beta-alanine supplementary is quite popular among athletes who work on developing their body muscles as it is known to increase the total carnosine concentration in the muscles.
What is the difference between beta alanine and alanine?
Both Alanine and Beta Alanine are non essential amino acids which are soluable in water and both can be obtained through meat products and other vegetable products as well. And yet, Alanine is a proteinogenic amino acid whereas Bete alenin is known as a non-proteinogenic amino acid. Also, Beta Alanine has a thicker density of 1.437 g/cm3 whereas Alanine only has a density of 1.424 g/cm3. Alanine also boasts of a higher melting point of 258 degrees Centigrade whereas Beta Alanine has a melting point of 258 degrees centigrade.
Also, when speaking of the two substances structurally, while alanine, which is a proteinogenic amino acid, is known to have a chiral center, Beta alanine does not. Although, both do present themselves to the naked eye as being a white powder.
Alanine is considered to increase one’s blood pressure whereas beta alanine is considered to be able to be the precursor to carnosine by rate limitation, increasing the amount of carnosine in the muscle which in turn will lead to leaner, more toned muscle mass. Beta Alanine is a preferred supplement among athletes because this boost of carnosine is known to reduce the amount of fatigue, thus enabling them to cope with more stress and strain during their training. And yet, overdoses of Beta Alanine can even lead to prosthesias which is better defined as a kind of neuropathic sensation of pain which can be quite injurious to health.