Difference between adrenalin and cortisol
adrenalin vs cortisol:
Adrenalin and cortisol are two hormones which are often confused together because of the fact that they both evolve from the same adrenal glands. Also, when mentioning one hormone, it almost never goes without mentioning the other which results in the two components often walking hand in hand. Yet, these two hormones are quite different from each other and yield different properties altogether.
What is adrenalin?
Adrenalin, also known as epinephrine, can be best described as a hormone that is produced by the adrenal glands which found directly above the kidneys of animals and human beings. It is an essential hormone which is produced in high stress or exhilarating situations which as a result stimulates the heart-rate, contracts blood vessels, dilates air passages which results in allowing more oxygen in to the lungs which in turn increases a person’s physical performance and provides the amount of energy necessary in coping with unexpected situations.
What is cortisol?
Cortisol, also called as the corticosteroid hormone, is a hormone which is better known as the « stress hormone » and is released specifically by the adrenal gland throughout the day of which the production increases drastically during highly stressful situations. It has some positive impacts on the body such as help reduce inflammation, increasing short-term memory, help the liver remove toxins from the body and also in that the sodium amount in the body is put to good use.
Cortisol also has negative impacts on the body such as raising blood pressure, lowering bone density, reducing immune response and have an effect on blood serum levels of glucose and reduces serotonin which results in that person being highly agitated and anxious as a result.
What is the difference between cortisol and adrenalin?
Although both adrenalin and cortisol are hormones which are produced by the adrenal gland, they carry very different functions and serve different purposes within the body. They are very similar in nature and are often confused together and yet, while adrenaline is produced by the medulla, cortisol is produced by the cortex, therefore making them two separate and distinct chemicals. Also while adrenalin is only produced during moments of high amount of stress or excitement, cortisol is produced throughout the day of which the production increases in stressful situations.
Adrenalin controls the “fight or flight” response that one’s body puts forth in response to a highly excitable situation. Adrenalin is responsible for providing the amount of energy that is needed during such situations and also, it has a beneficial effect on the body which enables it to react faster and according to the situation. For example, adrenalin opens up the air passages which increase the oxygen inlet of the body which in turn helps generate more energy. Yet cortisol which is the main glucocorticoid produced by the adrenal cortex which is responsible for blood sugar regulation, anti-inflammatory responses, and immune response modification.and yet, an excessive production of cortisol can have adverse effects on the body as well. It can lead to insulin resistance, visceral weight gain and obesity, mineral loss from bones which ultimately results in osteoporosis, decreases the gut lining which evokes ulcers and IBS, decreases DHEA and inhibits function of the T3 thyroid hormone. Therefore, one can say that adrenalin while providing the body with the necessary components that is necessary in reacting according to the situation, cortisol does that too in its own way. And yet, while adrenalin is not known to have an adverse effect on the body whereas cortisol does in fact, react in a harmful way.