Difference between acute leukemia and chronic leukemia
acute leukemia vs chronic leukemia:
Leukemia is undoubtedly a word which evokes sentiments of dread and fear in many minds. It is a cancer in the blood which develops in the bone marrow which produces the three major types of blood cells, the white blood cells, the red blood cells and the platelets which evoke blood clotting and stops bleeding. Yet, when one has developed leukemia, the white blood cell production in the bone marrow augments producing abnormal cells which clogs up the marrow which as a result allows no room for the production of other blood cells. As a result, the functions that the other blood cells conduct all over the body is ceased and the patient exhibits signs of anemia, infections, bleeding, etc. there are two types of leukemia such as acute leukemia and chronic leukemia.
What is acute leukemia?
There are two types of acute leukemia known as Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) also called lymphoblastic or lymphoid, is the type of leukemia which consists of 75%- 80% of childhood leukemias. This disease attacks the lymphocyte cell line which is typically responsible for fighting off infections and as a result, the patient’s body lacks the ability to fight off infection. Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), also known as granulocytic, myelocytic, myeloblastic, or myeloid is responsible for 20% of childhood leukemias and in this case, the bone marrow produces too much of granulocytes which overcrowds other blood cells. Acute leukemia occur over a short period of time which can be from days to weeks. Children with genetic syndromes such as Fanconi anemia, Bloom syndrome, Kostmann syndrome, and Down syndrome carry a higher potential to develop acute leukemia than other children.
What is chronic leukemia?
Chronic leukemia is considered as uncommon among children and are known to target more mature cells which takes a longer time to generate. In this case as well, the granulocytes are produced in the marrow in large numbers which in turn overcrowd the other cells which in turn, ceasing their role in the body as well. Chronic leukemia develops over a long period of time which can be over a period of months or even years.
What is the difference between chronic leukemia and acute leukemia?
The main difference between the two conditions is the time that they start developing in to leukemia. While acute leukemia occurs over a period of a week to a month, chronic leukemia takes over a month to a period of years to develop. Also, acute leukemia is found to be affecting immature cells such as the B-lymphocytes or T-lymphocytes which is a sage in the development of cells. And yet, if the leukemia is found among cells which are beyond this stage, it is called chronic leukemia. Typically, it is considred that the more mature the cell, the harder it is to treat the condition.
Also, while acute leukemia normally affects children, chronic leukemia is uncommon among children and is often seen in adults. This is due to the fact that acute leukemia affects younger more immature cells whereas chronic leukemia affects mature cells.
However, the symptoms of acute leukemia and chronic leukemia remain the same. Patients often display anemia, bleeding or bruising, recurring infections, joint pains, abdominal pain and even difficulty in breathing.
Yet in acute leukemia, these symptoms are quick to manifest it may take longer for chronic leukemia to manifest these symptoms.