Difference between active duty and reserve
Active duty vs reserve:
Active duty and reserve are two words which are closely associated with the defenses. A soldier that serves in the army is categorized under active duty or as reserve. While both the categories are considered as soldiers, there is a difference between the nature of their duties and training sessions.
About active duty
Persons enrolled in active duty are also referred to as being in the Regular Army (RA). They are employed full time and these soldiers usually have a full commitment of four to six years of active duty to the army followed by a balance of eight years of reserve time. Active duty soldiers are paid in full and they are entitled with other benefits such as paid leave and the like as per their rules of duty. Active duty soldiers undergo a very lengthy training period as they are considered as very important assets of the army who are deployed first during a battle.
About reserve duty
Soldiers enlisted as reserve duty do not serve the defenses as full timers. They do not have a specific bondage of committed service to the army and may only be possessing commitment of one weekend per month and two weeks in the summer. Reserve duty soldiers are called upon to serve as active duty for a specific period of time when needed by the forces and since they do not serve full time in the defenses, the training period of reserve duty soldiers are lenient and only cover a very narrow scope.
What is the difference between reserve and active duty?
Reserve and active duty are two categories under which soldiers serving the defense forces serve. While both these categories are trained for military operations, active duty soldiers are committed to serve the army full time for a specific period of time whereas reserve duty soldiers do not have such a commitment imposed upon them. However, they may be called upon to be activated when needed, in order to perform active duty for a specific period of time. For example, the National Guard may be activated as needed to help clean up after a major flood.
The amount of training that the two categories receive is different as well. Active duty soldiers undergo lengthy and intense training sessions prior to being absorbed in to the army as they are considered as an integral part of the defenses. Life is hard for active duty persons as their life includes very early mornings, daily training and being engaged in the barracks as well as performing the regular workload of the day. Reserve duty on the other hand receive only minimal training as most governments do not believe in dispensing too much money on the training needs of the reserve units.
An active duty soldier receives full payment in addition to other benefits such as paid leave and etc. A reserve duty soldier is only paid when they are called to serve the army as active duty and they are not given any other additional benefits.
With regards to deployment, it is the active duty soldiers who are deployed first to fight. It is only after the deployment of the active duty that the reserve is deployed. Therefore, more responsibility lie in the hand of the active duty whereas reserve duty is not given so much of a task and are only required to follow active duty.
An active duty soldier is qualified to retire after a minimum of 20 years of service in the army. For reserve duty soldiers, the retirement process is different. They are qualified on a system of points where at the accumulation of 20 years, the soldiers are qualified for retirement at a pro-rated value as of their 60th birthday.
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