Difference between active and passive voice
active and passive voice :
While the grammar component of a language can be every student’s nightmare, some have special trouble deciphering the difference between two very important components of English grammar, namely, active and passive voice. These are two tenses which are used frequently in the English language and it is therefore, absolutely imperative to know the difference between the two.
What is active voice?
While ‘voice’ is determined by whether the subject of the sentence is the agent or the receiver of the action of a transitive verb, with regards to active voice, the agent of the action is the subject of the sentence. in other words, in active voice, the person subject of the sentence will be performing the actual deed or the action mentioned in the sentence. for example, in the sentence The dog chased the ball, ‘the dog’ is the subject and ‘chased’ is the verb whereas ‘the ball’ remains the object. Therefore, in an active voice sentence, the subject itself will be performing the function of the verb on the object which is mentioned in the sentence. active voice is the simplest form of sentence available. Some examples would be;
Mother cooks rice in the kitchen.
Sara ate the whole apple.
Sam performed well in the test.
What is passive voice?
In passive voice, the agent of the action is not the subject of the sentence. Instead, the receiver of the action becomes the subject. In other words, the person or the object which receives the consequences of that particular action becomes the subject of the sentence. for example in the active sentence, the dog chased the ball, in passive voice it is transformed as the ball is chased by the dog. Therefore, the ball thus becomes the subject of the sentence. Other examples for passive voice sentences would be;
The tree was cut down by by neighbours.
This cake was made by my mother.
the lesson was taught by the principal himself.
In passive tense, one can often omit the agent of the action. This is so because it is not the agent or the person committing the action that receives the emphasize, but the object on which the actual deed is performed. For example the sentence
The thief was caught by the police can also be written as
The thief was caught.
Also, the sentence
The door was broken down by my father can also be written as
The door was broken down
What is the difference between passive voice and active voice?
While in active voice, the subject of the sentence is the agent of the action itself, n passive voice, the object of the sentence becomes the subject of the sentence. This is so, because in active voice, more emphasize is given to the agent or the doer of an action whereas in passive voice, the emphasize is given to the actual object which undergoes the action mentioned by the verb of the sentence, for example,
The teacher corrected the homework- Active voice.
The homework was corrected by the teacher- Passive voice.
Also, the agent of a sentence cannot be omitted in active voice whereas the agent of a sentence can be omitted din passive voice, for example,
I plucked the mangoes from the tree – Active voice.
The mangoes were plucked form the tree – Passive voice.