Difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy
absolute monarchy vs constitutional monarchy:
Due to the similarity of the two words, the terms absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy can seem a little confusing. Yet the terms themselves suggest certain differences between the two terms and therefore, it is not that difficult to distinguish those essential differences between the two.
What is absolute monarchy?
Absolute monarchy which is also referred to as undemocratic monarchy is a form where the king or the monarch holds all the power. He or she is considered as God or executing God’s will on earth. There is no no limit on the power of the monarch except for certain traditional or customary limitations which are once again subject to change under the independent will of the monarch. the King can revise or change the law as he sees fit, imprison, execute or free people at will and no body has the right to question or check the king’s actions or decisions. Several examples to countries which still yield to absolute monarchy would be Brunei, Saudi Arabia, Vatican City, Swaziland, Oman and Qatar.
What is constitutional monarchy?
In the case of the constitutional monarchy, the power of the king is limited as set by the powers vested in the king by the constitution of that particular country. The modern constitutional monarch basically yields no significant power and merely acts as ceremonial figureheads who have residual powers to intervene in government during a crisis. Constitutional monarchy is also referred to as liberal monarchy owing to this nature. Some examples of countries which yeiled to constitutional monarchy would be United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Sweden, Malaysia, Luxembourge and Jordan.
What is the difference between constitutional monarchy and absolute monarchy?
In the case of absolute monarchy, the king is considered as God or to be executing God’s will on earth, appointed by the God himself. He conducts all state relating matters according to his own whims and fancies and no body has any right to question, challenge or check his decisions, actions or the statements that he makes. Every single economic, social decision of the country is made by him alone with or without the advice of certain counsels that he, himself has appointed. And yet, in a constitutional monarchy, the monarch stands as a mere ceremonial figure head with only the sort of power vested in him by the Constitution which is either very little or no power at all.
An absolute monarch is not held responsible for his actions and neither is he legally bound. Yet, a constitutional monarch is legally bound and fully held responsible by his actions. Also, in the case of absolute monarchy, the crown is either passed down from one generation to the next or it is gained through marriage. Yet, in the case of constitutional monarchy, the prime minister is elected either directly or indirectly and he or she, unlike in absolute monarchy, yields formidable political power.