Difference between abduction and kidnapping
Abduction vs Kidnapping:
Kidnapping and abduction are two terms which are seen to be used interchangeably because of the general confusion that these two terms create. Yet, there are slight differences between these two terms which makes it easier to distinguish between the two.
What is abduction?
Abduction may be defined as the process of taking someone by tricking him or her and holding that person captive. The intent is often not made known in an abduction and also, a ransom is not demanded. One can take the example of an individual abducting a child with no visible intent what so ever.
What is kidnapping?
A kidnapping is taking someone away against his or her will and holding that person captive. Usually a ransom or a demand is made for the release of the captive and therefore, the intent of the kidnapping is often known.
What is the difference between an abduction and a kidnapping?
An abductor may try his or her best to stay away from media or any sort of attention. He or she may keep the captive in secret captivity while not making any demands as opposed to a kidnapping. A kidnapper on the other hand will make his demands known or demand a ransom in exchange for the captive. Therefore, while an abductor is not looking to gain any benefits from the abduction, the kidnapper will be seeking monetary benefits from the kidnapping.
Also, whereas the intent of a kidnapping is made known to the public, the intent of an abduction is often unknown. Whereas the kidnapper will take steps to let the public know the fact that he or she has kidnapped a person in order to satisfy his demands, an abductor chooses to keep a low profile, keeping his captive in secret as the abduction itself may be rewarding him or her in a way.
Whereas kidnapping is executed by force, in an abduction, force is rarely used. A kidnapping commences by forcefully taking a person against his or her will whereas abductions are usually conducted by luring an individual in to a trap, either by seduction or by coaxing.
According to certain jurisdictions, kidnapping is defined as the taking of a child below a certain age with or without her consent. Whereas the age bar may vary according to certain jurisdictions, an abduction does not mention a child or a certain age group. Therefore, under certain jurisdictions, a kidnapping could mean the taking away of a child while abducting could mean taking away an adult regardless of the age.
With regards to punishments, abduction and kidnapping are both considered as crimes and are therefore, punishable by law. Whereas the kidnapping of a child bears more grave consequences, the abduction of an adult bears lighter punishments. These terms of punishment differ because the definitions of abduction and kidnapping also vary according to certain jurisdictions practiced withing certain states.